How Electric Cars Work
The basic answer to that question is, quite simply, by using a motor. But, it’s not just the motor that does the trick, it’s also the charging system. And this leads us to the next fundamental concept of how electric cars work… charging your vehicle. We will discuss batteries below but before we do, let’s make sure you understand this fundamental idea that underlies all of this…
To understand how electric cars work you must first understand how magnets work. First of all, an electric motor consists of two parts. One part is called the permanent magnet motor which consists of two magnets and a third magnet. This magnet keeps the other two separate and will only allow movement when the two opposite ends of the magnets are touching. The permanent magnet motor then uses this motion to create a kinetic energy which spins a generator and converts this energy into electricity.
With this basic concept in mind, we can better understand how electric cars work. What happens between the induction and the charging stage is that the vehicle is accelerated to a certain velocity. When the vehicle reaches its maximum speed, the magnets in the motor turn on and start generating electricity. This is why we refer to this as a ‘kinetic energy’ engine – because the vehicle actually is moving against the current created by the electric motor.
So now we know how electric cars work, let’s take a look at how they power themselves. The simplest type of electric car system is called a rechargeable battery bank. These systems are extremely simple – basically a series of small batteries connected in series which, when charged, create continuous, reliable, long-lasting electric power. The rechargeable batteries have a limited life, usually between one and three years depending on the size of the battery bank and its efficiency. This type of system is extremely energy efficient, cheaper to maintain, and enables the driver to ‘top up’ their battery bank whenever it is low on power.
The next type of electric vehicle (EV) to consider is the Direct Motor System (DMS). A DMS basically consists of a controller/regulator, a battery and an engine. The controller manages the amount of electricity delivered to the motor, and the engine provides the torque needed to move the vehicle. Since the motor is the source of the electricity used to power the vehicle, it is often referred to as the ‘brain’ of the vehicle. The controller is generally controlled via a series of lead acid flooded batteries which provide the required power for the motor to function.
Lastly, there is the Cruise Control System (CCS). The CCS uses a series of lead acid flooded batteries to supply the needed power to the motor. Again, the amount of electricity supplied to the motor is limited by the size of the battery bank. Most modern day CCS systems are sophisticated and designed to allow a wide range of battery sizes, and can even monitor the battery’s condition and performance in real time to prevent the need for recharging when needed.
How do electric vehicles work? The answer is simple; they use the same principles that conventional vehicles use to store energy. Conventional vehicles run off of a gasoline engine, and use the chemical energy stored in the fuel to power a series of wheels and pedals. Electric cars use a different approach, using an alternator to charge a series of batteries that store the energy needed to power both the motor and the passengers.
To sum it up, an electric car is a vehicle that operates on a DC motor rather than a gasoline-powered car or a DC generator. It differs from both conventional vehicles and DC generators because its source of power is an alternate current, or AC. The electric cars motor is made up of a series of batteries rather than a gasoline-powered car battery. Although the mechanics of how electric cars work are very much the same as those used by convention vehicles, the way in which they convert energy into DC power is different.
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